Design and Illustration: The Young Artist's Glossary
Whether you want to learn how to draw or paint, you love photography, or you are interested in creating unique and functional designs like company logos, you'll need to understand art terms. Knowing what different artistic words mean will help you communicate with other artists. You'll also be able to explore different artistic techniques and media so you can better express yourself.
Abstract art is not based on realistic or natural objects
An angular object has sharp corners and angles
This approach borrows or copies pre-existing ideas or images and builds on the
Assemblage art combines non-traditional art materials
Avant-garde describes innovative or experimental art techniques
The area that is farthest away from the viewer is the background
Baroque art is complex and extravagant
Batik is a dying technique that involves using wax to create patterns on fabric
Painters use brushwork to apply paint to a canvas
Calligraphy is decorative handwriting
A canvas is sturdy cloth made of woven cotton or linen that's often stretched over a frame
A caricature is a drawing of a person that is exaggerated to highlight certain features
Ceramics are objects made out of hardened clay
A cityscape is an urban scene, often showing a skyline with buildings
A collage is artwork created by gluing fragments of materials to a surface
An object's hue is its color, which can be produced by paint, pigment, or dye
How an artist arranges the different elements of a piece of art is the composition
The contour is the outline of an object
A designer is a person who creates a design
A diptych is art that has two hinged panels
An artist makes a drawing with crayon, pen, or pencil, producing a picture
Combining two or more liquids and blending them together is the act of emulsion
Enamel paint has pigments and resins that create a glossy surface
This technique creates thin lines with an etching needle
Figurative art has a form that somewhat replicates that of real objects
The foreground is the area of a drawing or painting that is closest to the viewer
This technique involves rubbing a medium such as crayon or pencil on paper that is placed over a textured surface
Gouache is a water-based matte paint that is less opaque than standard matte paint but has more pigment than standard watercolors
A horizon line indicates where the land or water touches the sky
An illusion is a deceptive image
An image is a representation of an object or person.
Impressionism is a school of art that focuses on creating an impression of a scene rather than a faithful, realistic portrayal.
Juxtaposition involves arranging objects close together to compare or contrast them.
Lacquer coating may be clear or colored and dries over a surface to form a film.
A landscape shows the terrain of an area.
A malleable material can be hammered or rolled to shape it.
A mandala is a Hindu or Buddhist design that is often circular and symbolizes the universe.
A medium is the type of material used to create art.
The minimalistic art movement features simple geometric forms and often involves industrial technology.
When an artist uses more than one medium to create art, mixed media is the technique used.
Monochrome art involves the use of just one color.
A montage involves multiple images combined to make one piece of art.
A mural is a large painting that's often applied to a ceiling or wall.
Oil paint has pigments suspended in oil.
When light can't penetrate a material, it is opaque.
Paint is a medium that combines pigments, binders, and solvents.
A painting is artwork that a painter applies to a surface such as paper, canvas, or wood.
A palette can be the range of colors used in a painting, or it can describe the board on which a painter mixes paint.
Panorama:A panorama is a wide, unbroken view of an area.
Pastel:Pastel colors are soft and delicate.
Pattern:An artist might use a series of elements or objects in a repeated and predictable manner to create a pattern.
Perspective involves portraying spatial relationships on a flat surface.
A pictograph is a symbolic representation of a word or phrase.
Pigments are fine powders that create color in a medium such as paint.
The primary colors are red, blue, and yellow.
Proportion involves how parts relate to each other to create a whole.
A replica is a copy of something.
Scale is the ratio between the actual size of an object and its model.
A sculpture is a three-dimensional object that an artist might make out of stone, wood, metal, wax, or clay.
Sketching involves creating a quick and loose drawing of something.
Stain is paint that is thinned with a solvent so it is absorbed into the canvas.
When a medium is translucent, it allows some light to pass through it.
A vignette is a short description or scene.
Paints with fine pigments and no white fillers are watercolors.
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Reviewed by: Zaheer Dodhia
CEO and Founder LogoDesign.net